April 23, 2017 ~ Sh TAZRIA-TAHOR. Maqam NAHWAND.

Raphael Yair Elnadav - חכם רפאל יאיר אלנדב


 

Biography (1921-2011)

Raphael Yair Elnadav was born in Jerusalem  to a prominent Yemenite rabbinical family that had immigrated to Jerusalem around the turn of the 20th century.  As a young man, Hakham Raphael studied in Yeshivat Porat Yosef in Jerusalem’s Old City.  He studied hazzanut under the celebrated Sephardic Hazzan Yaakov Levi.  At the Conservatory Arzi Israeli in Jerusalem, he received advanced training in voice development, in violin and in theory and harmony of music.  Under the aegis of Professor Moshe Cordova, he mastered the many maqamat of Oriental music.  Simultaneously, he continued his Torah learning in Jerusalem’s Yeshivat Shaare Zion under Chief Rabbi Ben-Zion Uziel. He earned semicha (rabbinical ordination) from Rabbi Eliezer Waldenberg (1915-2006).

In 1950, Elnadav married Bertha (Batia) Hassoun, and they settled in Tel Aviv where he was appointed chief hazan in Congregation Ohel Moed, the main Sephardic synagogue of Tel Aviv. Their eldest son, Yosef, was born soon after. By then, he had earned widespread acclaim in the world of hazzanut as a talented innovator, composer and expert in Sephardic liturgy.

He was only 34, but tremendously accomplished – a shohet (ritual slaughterer), mohel, hazzan and rabbi – when the life-altering job offer came. An emissary from Cuba’s Sephardic community arrived in Israel, having been sent for the sole purpose of offering Rabbi Elnadav the leadership of the community. After months of negotiation and deliberation, in 1955 Elnadav agreed to take the position in Havana and served the Cuban community at every level – leading the prayers, performing marriages, funerals, answering halachic queries and supervising kashrut in Cuba, overseeing the shehita process twice a week.

When Congregation Shaare Zion on Ocean Parkway in Brooklyn was in its planning stages, Mr. Isaac Shalom a’h spoke to Rabbi Elnadav and expressed his hope that the young hazzan would consider a position in the Syrian community once the Shaare Zion building was complete.  In 1959, together with his two children (the youngest, Esther, was born later, in America) and parents-in-law, he moved to New York and assumed the position of Chief Cantor, a post he held for 21 years until his retirement in 1980.

Index of Recordings

Section Pizmon Page Song CommentaryRecordings Application
0 R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
R Elnadav
Baqashot 61 69 ידיד נפש Elazar Azkari Maqam Sigah 16th century. He defines this piyut as “a supplication for union and the desire of love”. Sigah. A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 R Elnadav
ממצרים
Rast 155c 132a אל חביב R. Elnadav
Rast 155d 132b חי אל נאדר Haim S Aboud R. Elnadav
Rast 167.01 144a אנא יה חביבי R. Elnadav
R Elnadav
167.1 142l דגלי תשא על הרי Haim S Aboud Maqam Rast R. Elnadav
Ajam 254.5 204a יום זה ישיר ירון Raphael Yair Elnadav Bar Misvah of Morris Mickey Abraham. 1981. Photograph of Morris Mickey Abraham R. Elnadav
Nahwand 265 210 אתה אל כביר Raphael Tabbush The initials at the beginning of each stanza form the acrostic 'Ani Refael'. The song talks about Israel's redemption. The beginning of the pizmon has the composer turning to God to ask for mercy. The composer says that he will not stop praying until his prayers are accepted. He prays for the redemption of the Jewish people, the gathering of the exile, and returning to the Land of Israel. Tabbush Manuscript R. Elnadav
R Elnadav
נשמת
Nahwand 271 213 אחזה בנועם Raphael Tabbush The initials at the beginning of each stanza form the acrostic 'Ani Refael'. Tabbush Manuscript R Elnadav
פזמון
Nahwand 299.02 237b החיש לצירך Haim S Aboud R. Elnadav
R Elnadav
Nahwand 299.06 237f הדור שומע Raphael Yair Elnadav Jack D. Hidary Bar Misvah. Photograph of Jack David Hidary R. Elnadav
Bayat 346 266 אל מאד נעלה Moses Ashear Gindi. Shabbat Shemot. Also for weddings. The originating melody is a polka from Istanbul. Ashear Manuscript R. Elnadav
שמחים
Bayat 391.05 318c קולי שמעה R. Elnadav
Bayat 391.06 318d יקרך ישירו R. Elnadav
Hoseni 430.01 353a אל המרומם על כל ומתנשא Raphael Yair Elnadav Bar Misvah of Murray David Hidary (1984). R Elnadav
Sigah 521 437 יונה יקושה יום טוב Attiah Manuscript Yabess Manuscript Abraham Sitehon Manuscript Mosseri-Kozli Manuscript R. Elnadav
Berakhot ברכות 540 השכבות Raphael Yair Elnadav Hashkabot are said for the deceased at the funeral. R. Elnadav- Hashkava at Funeral of H Yaakob S Kassin, 1994
R. Elnadav- Hashkava at Funeral of H Matloub Abadi, 1970
2192 353c גיל ורון Raphael Yair Elnadav Maqam Kourd Bar Misvah of Miro Isaac Sutton. Composed by H Raphael Y Elnadav. R Elnadav
4027 353b אור צח קדוש ונעלם Haim S Aboud Maqam Bayat In honor of "Hebrat Hobebei Shirah" R Elnadav

Pizmonim

Section Pizmon Page Song CommentaryRecordings Application
Rast 166 143 רננות שיר ושבחה Gindi Bar Misvah. I. Cabasso
Ajam 254.5 204a יום זה ישיר ירון Bar Misvah of Morris Mickey Abraham. 1981. Photograph of Morris Mickey Abraham R. Elnadav
Nahwand 299.04 237d רוממו לו בקול Composed for the Bar Misvah of Ezra Tawil to the melody of "Inta al-Hubb", a popular Arab song performed by Umm Kulthum. Arabic
Recording
Agudat Dodim (Buenos Aires)- Mimisrayim
Nahwand 299.06 237f הדור שומע Jack D. Hidary Bar Misvah. Photograph of Jack David Hidary J. Mosseri
R. Elnadav
Nahwand 299.1 237j אל על שיר גיל נרון Bar Misvah of Saul Ezra Ashkenazi. Composed by R Elnadav. 1984. M Habusha
Recording
299.101 באר ציון Maqam Nahwand M Habusha
Nahwand 299.102 237t על הרי על הרי Bar Misvah of Harry E Tawil. 1996. Composed by R Elnadav. Maqam Nahwand-Kurd M Habusha
Recording
Hoseni 430.01 353a אל המרומם על כל ומתנשא Bar Misvah of Murray David Hidary (1984). R Elnadav
742 353e אפצחה פי בשירה וזמרה Maqam Bayat Special pizmon to welcome Chief Rabbi of Israel, Maran Hakham Obadia Yosef, to the United States (1996). R Elnadav
Berakhot ברכות 540 השכבות Hashkabot are said for the deceased at the funeral. R. Elnadav- Hashkava at Funeral of H Yaakob S Kassin, 1994
R. Elnadav- Hashkava at Funeral of H Matloub Abadi, 1970
H Yaaqob Mizrahi, 1913- Tehiyat Hametim Prayer
2192 353c גיל ורון Maqam Kourd Bar Misvah of Miro Isaac Sutton. Composed by H Raphael Y Elnadav. R Elnadav
samfranco.com