June 18, 2013 ~ Shabbat BALAQ. Maqam MAHOUR.
God tells Moses that after Israel reaches Canaan, the land, shall observe a seventh year of rest, a Shabbat, and lie fallow. After seven sabbatical cycles, every fiftieth year, a Jubilee shall be declared. In this hallowed year, Israel will “proclaim liberty throughout the land, unto all its inhabitants.” Property will revert to its original owner and slaves will be free.
When Behar and Behuqotai are combined, the Hafatarah of Behar is read.
2013- When Behar-Behuqotai are combined (Leviticus 25:1-27:34), there are many opinions for Maqam of the Week. (1) Maqam Nawah, as per most sources, because the perasha begins with discussing the Shemita (Sabbatical rest year), and Nawah is the maqam reserved for Qaballat Shabbat. Also Nawah is typically applied for the last perasha of a Humash. (2) Maqam Nahwand to commemorate Yom Yerushalayim (celebrating Israel's victory in the Six Day War). Some will only switch to Nahwand to transpose "Yerushalayim Shel Zahav" for one of the prayer pieces. Other opinions for this week include: Maqam (3) MAHOUR or (4) SABA. ALIYOT: The curses (26:14-26:46) are read in the seventh aliyah. The Torah Reader or the Shamosh customarily volunteer to receive this aliyah and it is chanted in a softer, but audible, tone. MISHMARA: Tractates Shevi'it & Arachin (Sephardic Pizmonim Project, www.pizmonim.com).
2011- For Shabbat Behar, there are a number of opinions for which maqam to apply. Saba may be an option, because there is a multitude of misvot in Behar, and this symbolizes covenant (berit). Nawah may be an option, because Nawah is the maqam for Qaballat Shabbat, and Behar starts off with the concept of working the land for six years and allowing it to rest on the Sabbatical year (Shemita is similar to Shabbat). Maqam Nawah is the opinion of H. Moshe Ashear.
Moshe Ashear: Nawah
Red Book: Saba
Bozo: Nawah or Saba
Unknown: Nawah or Saba
Shevi'it (שביעית, Seventh Year) deals with the agricultural and fiscal regulations concerning the Sabbatical Year (Exodus 23:11, Leviticus 25:1–8, Deuteronomy 15:1–11).
"Bashana hashevi'it Shabbat Shabaton yiheye la'aretz Shabbat la'hashem, sadecha lo tizra vecharmecha lo tizmor".