May 23, 2013 ~ Shabbat BEHA'ALOTEKHA. Maqam SIGAH.
God instructs Aaron to purify the altar, the priests, and the people. To purify the people two goats are chosen: one as a sacrifice, the other as a scapegoat, to be sent off bearing Israel’s sins. This ceremony of the Day of Atonement is to be “an eternal statute” on the tenth day of the seventh month. Other statutes, concerning animal slaughter and prohibited sexual relations, follow.
Ezekiel 22:1–16 (
2012- This year, 2012, Ahare Mot-Qedoshim combined (Leviticus 16:1-20:27), falls out the Shabbat prior to Lag LaOmer, but despite this, Maqam Bayat-Hijaz is still applied. Maqam Hijaz, the maqam reserved for sadness, would be applied to commemorate the deaths of Aaron's children, Nadab and Abihu. The hazzan should mix Maqam Bayat with Hijaz when Ahare Mot & Qedoshim are combined in order to dilute the sadness. Usually Maqam Sigah is applied for the Shabbat prior to Lag LaOmer, but the Maqam Hijaz for Ahare Mot rule takes priority. Some may switch to Maqam Sigah for either “Semehim” or “Naqdishach” in order to transpose the Lag LaOmer pizmon "Bar Yochai" (61). Other pizmonim appropriate for Lag LaOmer include: "Shubi Ha'adi" (280), "Ohil Yom Yom" (345), and "Ish Elohim Qadosh Hu" (418). MISHMARA: Tractates Keritut & Orlah (Sources: Moshe Ashear, Gabriel A Shrem, Isaac J Cabasso, Mordechai Nadaf, Sephardic Pizmonim Project, www.pizmonim.com).
2011- This Shabbat Aharei Mot, which is Shabbat HaGhadol (Shabbat prior to Passover), Maqam Rahawi-Nawah is applied because the Hagaddah of Passover is conducted in Maqam Rahawi. In addition to that, the Passover pizmon "Emunim Irkhu Shebah"(page 359) is traditionally applied to "Semehim Besetam." Most congregations throughout the community have the custom of mixing Maqam Nahwand with Rahawi-Nawah for this Shabbat. When Shabbat Aharei Mot is not Shabbat HaGhadol, Maqam Hijaz would be applied due to the reference of Aaron's childrens' death at the beginning of the perasha.
2013- When Ahare Mot-Qedoshim are combined (Leviticus 16:1-20:27), Maqam BAYAT-HIJAZ is applied. Maqam Hijaz, the maqam reserved for death and sadness, would be applied to commemorate the deaths of Aaron's children, Nadab and Abihu. The hazzan should mix Maqam Bayat with Hijaz when Ahare Mot & Qedoshim are combined in order to dilute the sadness. MISHMARA: Tractates Keritut & Orlah (Sephardic Pizmonim Project, www.pizmonim.com).
Keritot: (כריתות, "Excisions"); Deals with the commandments for which the penalty is karet (spiritual excision) as well as the sacrifices associated with their (mostly unwitting) transgression.
There a punishment of Karet for those that violate the laws of "arayot".